Graduated from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) with a degree in chemical sciences. Was involved in student activism during campus day and suspended for a semester by USM for against Internal Security Act (ISA). Worked with human rights organisation SUARAM as its Penang Coordinator (2002-2007). One of the 6 PSM members detained under Emergency Ordinance (EO) in 2011. Currently the coordinator for International Bureau of PSM, and editor for Sosialis.net.