Mengatasi Pelbagai Krisis Kapitalisme – Deklarasi Bersama Penganjur Persidangan Sosialisme 2021

Mengatasi Pelbagai Krisis Kapitalisme – Deklarasi Bersama Penganjur Persidangan Sosialisme 2021

(asalnya diterbitkan di Sosialis.Net)

5 Disember 2021

Krisis kapitalisme semakin hari semakin menjadi lebih teruk dan melampau.

Persidangan Kemuncak Iklim Glasgow (COP26) baru-baru ini mengesahkan (sekali lagi) bahawa sebuah iklim yang sesuai untuk hidup – dan oleh itu memastikan kemandirian spesies kita – itu sedang terancam, pemerintah kapitalis tidak mempunyai jawapan yang bermakna untuk keperluan rakyat.

Golongan elit kapitalis lebih mengutamakan keuntungan korporat berbanding sebuah iklim yang sesuai untuk hidup, berbanding kesihatan dalam pandemik sedunia, dan berbanding mata pencarian asas rakyat di tengah-tengah krisis ketidaksamarataan global.

Penganjur persidangan Sosialisme 2021 percaya bahawa adalah mustahak bagi rakyat biasa menolak agenda kelas pemerintah dan membentuk sebuah gerakan yang menentang elit kapitalis, secara ideologikal dan praktikal.

Pada dasarnya kita perlu menggantikan sistem mereka yang menindas dan berpandukan keuntungan dengan sebuah alternatif yang berasaskan kuasa rakyat dan memenuhi keperluan manusia.

Kami terangsang dengan solidariti dalam kalangan kuasa berhaluan kiri di rantau ini. Solidariti ini ditunjukkan melalui penganjuran persidangan ini dan juga projek-projek yang lain.

Kami berharap untuk membina kerjasama kiri yang lebih kuat dengan berasaskan:

Sosialisme

Sosialisme ialah alternatif yang praktikal kepada kapitalisme.

Pengagihan semula kekayaan

Golongan bilionair telah menjadi lebih kaya semasa pandemik. Kekayaan ini harus diambil semula dan digunakan untuk kepentingan rakyat.

Kesihatan untuk semua

Apartheid vaksin global ialah contoh yang jelas untuk ketidakadilan di bawah kapitalisme yang mengutamakan keuntungan. Setiap orang di dalam setiap negara berhak untuk menikmati perkhidmatan kesihatan yang percuma dan berkualiti baik.

Demokrasi rakyat yang sebenar, melawan penindasan negara

Kami menyatakan solidariti kami bersama dengan perjuangan demokrasi rakyat dari bawah di Thailand, Myanmar, Hong Kong, Sudan dan seluruh dunia.

Kesamarataan gender

Penindasan terhadap Wanita ialah salah satu tonggak utama masyarakat kapitalis. Kami menyokong bukan sahaja kesamarataan undang-undang yang sepenuhnya malah juga pembebasan wanita yang sebenar. Kami juga menyokong hak rakyat untuk menentukan identiti dan ekspresi gender mereka.  

Pertahankan hak pekerja

Setiap orang berhak untuk mendapatkan kerja yang terjamin, gaji yang mencukupi dan persekitaran kerja yang selamat. Kerajaan harus menjamin pekerjaan penuh dan pekerja harus menikmati sepenuhnya hak untuk berorganisasi dalam kesatuan sekerja serta mempertahankan hak kita di tempat kerja.  

Keadilan iklim global

Pemanasan global ialah cabaran terbesar yang sedang dihadapi umat manusia, dan pemerintah kapitalis telah terbukti tidak mampu untuk menghadapi cabaran ini. Kerajaan-kerajaan negara harus mengambil tindakan unilateral untuk memastikan tiada lagi projek bahan api fosil dibangunkan dan projek-projek yang sedia ada akan diberhentikan secara berperingkat. Negara-negara kaya harus membayar hutang iklim mereka kepada negara-negara Selatan Global, termasuk teknologi dan pembiayaan karbon sifar.  

Bantah “Perang Dingin” baharu

Kami membantah ancaman serangan kuasa imperialis pimpinan Amerika Syarikat yang mensasarkan China, dan kami menyeru untuk penyahtenteraan di perairan Asia Tenggara (Laut China Selatan).

Hentikan sekatan bersifat jenayah ke atas Venezuela dan Cuba

Hentikan campurtangan imperialis di Amerika Latin.

Solidariti dengan perjuangan rakyat menentukan nasib sendiri

Kami memanjangkan solidariti kami kepada rakyat tertindas di mana-mana sahaja, termasuk Papua, Palestin, Kashmir dan Rojava.

Keadilan untuk petani

Bangunkan sebuah program yang komprehensif untuk meningkatkan jaminan makanan, untuk memastikan akses rakyat kepada makanan sihat dan melindungi mata pencarian petani-petani kecil tempatan di semua negara. Kami memberi penghormatan kepada kemenangan petani-petani India yang berjaya menewaskan serangan daripada kerajaan Modi.

Golongan elit kapitalis tidak dapat menyelesaikan masalah rakyat. Alternatifnya ialah sosialisme yang berasaskan organisasi akar umbi dan demokrasi popular. Kami mengikrarkan solidariti kami untuk memajukan perjuangan demi mencapai matlamat ini.

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Penganjur Sosialisme 2021 terdiri daripada:

Kenyataan bersama ini juga boleh didapati dalam versi Bahasa Inggeris, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Thai dan Bahasa Tionghua.

Let the Morning Star Flag fly: Solidarity with the West Papua’s struggle for self-determination

Let the Morning Star Flag fly: Solidarity with the West Papua’s struggle for self-determination

Let the Morning Star Flag fly: Solidarity with the West Papua’s struggle for self-determination

1st December 2021

60 years ago, on 1st December 1961, the West Papuan national flag, the Morning Star, was raised for the first time on West Papua’s soil. The flag represents Papuans’ dreams for a Free West Papua.

Ever since the flag was first raised 60 years ago, the people of West Papua have continuously been denied their fundamental right to self-determination. Numerous West Papuans have committed themselves to the unfinished battle for self-determination by a variety of actions, including the hoisting of the Morning Star flag. Since Indonesia’s takeover of West Papua, the Indonesian government has deemed hoisting the Morning Star flag as illegal, and anyone who does so, is at risk of imprisonment and punishment by the authorities. Despite constant harassment, the people of West Papua maintain the annual practise of raising the Morning Star flag on 1st December.

Not long after the Morning Star flag was first raised in 1961, the Papuans’ dream of a Free West Papua was crushed by the 1962 New York Agreement. The agreement to hand over power of West Papua to Indonesia from the Dutch colonial government was part of the US Cold War plan to distance Indonesia from the Soviet Union’s influence. It is crucial to note that the agreement was signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia under the supervision of the United States and no representatives from the indigenous Papuan community were involved. In 1969, the “Act of Free Choice” became the “Act of No Choice”, with 1025 “representatives” being handpicked by the military to vote in a “referendum” held under the gunpoint of the Suharto dictatorship, formally annexing West Papua to Indonesia. The annexation and colonisation of West Papua was the result of imperialist meddling to safeguard international capital’s interests in the resource-rich region.

Since Indonesia’s annexation of West Papua, an estimated 500,000 Papuans have been slaughtered in their quest for self-rule by the oppressive Indonesian military. The people of West Papua have undergone decades of violent subjugation and a fear-based society. The Indonesian military and police have systematically suppressed Papuans by inciting racial sentiments. West Papua has a long history of torture, extrajudicial murders, and forced relocation. In 2019, a wave of huge demonstrations erupted in West Papua in reaction to police and racist right-wing mob assaults on Papuan students. It was, however, greeted with another wave of brutal repression from the authorities.

Since the 1960s, the Indonesian government has acted as a protector of foreign capital’s interests in West Papua. Freeport-McMoRan, a giant US mining firm, signed an agreement with the Indonesian government in 1967 to mine gold and copper in West Papua. The extractive industries in the resource-rich region, which are supported by the repressive Indonesian military and imperialist powers, are not benefiting indigenous communities in West Papua, and have left a lasting scar on them as a result of continuous land theft and systematic ethnic cleansing.

Numerous Papuans and Indonesians who backed West Papua’s fight for self-determination have been subjected to arbitrary arrests, detentions, and prosecutions under Indonesia’s oppressive laws throughout the years. According to the Papuans Behind Bars, 2021 report, 418 individuals were arrested during a one-year period from October 2020 to September 2021, with as many as 106 persons still detained, the majority of whom have been charged with treason by Indonesian authorities.

Despite living under oppressive circumstances, the Papuan people gathered 1.8 million signatures for a petition calling for an independent referendum, which they presented to the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization in 2017 and to the United Nations Human Rights Office in 2019. Nonetheless, the Indonesian government is mostly rejecting the Papuan people’s demand for a legitimate referendum separate from the 1969 “Act of No Choice”.

On this historic 60th anniversary of the raising of the Morning Star flag, we would like to reiterate our support to the struggle for self-determination of the people of West Papua.

We urge the Indonesian government to:

1. Recognize and respect the right to self-determination of the people of West Papua, including holding a referendum to decide on the future of West Papua;
2. Stop repression against the people of West Papua who are voicing out their demands for self-determination, including those who raise the Morning Star flag;
3. Free all political prisoners from West Papua and those who supported the Papuan cause for self-determination;
4. Protect the right to freedom of information, freedom of expression, freedom of association and freedom of thought for the Papuan people;
5. Improve the lives of the people of West Papua by enhancing social protection;
6. End racism against the people of West Papua.

We also reject all forms of imperialists meddling in the process to achieve self-determination for the people of West Papua.

We call upon the people around the world to strengthen our solidarity with the struggle of Papuan people for self-determination.

Released by,

Choo Chon Kai
Central Committee Member of the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM)
Coordinator of PSM International Bureau

Amanda Shweeta Louis
Coordinator of PSM International Bureau’s West Papua Working Group

Strengthening Protections for Gig Economy Workers

Covid-19 has revealed the fragility of our economic model, which increasingly steals away the rights of part-time workers, while exploiting the energies of these workers to the maximum. This was achieved through a system of “employment” which is moving from formal to informal work. A part of this work format has been named as the “gig” economy. 

The gig economy is a trend in the free market system that gives the freedom to organisations or workers to enter a contract of service, rather than a fixed term contract. It treats workers as free contractors who make specific agreements with employers, to allow employers to utilise their services without salarying those workers full time. Although this may appear to give flexibility to workers, in reality it only steals away whatever reasonable social protections that exist for them. An example of Gig Economy work is the delivery service position known as P-Hailing (Parcel Hailing). 

P-Hailing workers, though they play a key role in ensuring that the food delivery and service sectors continue operating throughout the duration of the pandemic, have had their rights highly neglected. Their classification as “free contractors” and not workers marginalises these labourers, and profits the digital platform companies which employ them. 

There are still many gig workers who don’t have their labour rights safeguarded in the event of any emergencies. Rather, they have to take personal steps to protect their rights. 

Gig economy workers aren’t covered by company insurance, and they also don’t have financial safety nets like the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) or the Social Security Organisation (SOCSO). In addition, costs like motorcycle maintenance, food delivery bags, and even corporate company shirts have to be borne by the workers themselves. 

While the earnings of these workers may seem generous on the surface, these numbers are often misleading. As an example, one popular food delivery company is Foodpanda. Foodpanda’s latest work schedule, released in 2019 without any negotiation with riders, ties workers to 14 hour workdays without appropriate wages. The addition of new workers doesn’t lighten the burden of work on these riders: but rather causes the wage rates for their services to be lowered even further. Some workers have complained that their weekly earnings have dropped by as much as RM300 since this latest work schedule was released. 

Foodpanda’s riders have also complained that they are under threat of suspension and being banned from making order deliveries if they’ve cancelled too many orders. 

In the past, Foodpanda has also issued warning letters threatening a Penang Island rider with dismissal for having taken part in a strike. This is a clear violation of the worker’s rights to engage in strike action or to participate in union activities. 

For P-Hailing workers of Grabfood, meanwhile, they can find themselves suspended even if the order was cancelled due to a system-side error, like the customer being outside their area of service. This happens even though Grabfood’s customer service centre was informed beforehand. These workers expected that they would be allowed to cancel the orders in question without any punishments, but instead found themselves still suspended from making deliveries, causing their income to be reduced. The exploitation of workers is obfuscated by the use of algorithms, showing that these P-Hailing workers don’t have the guaranteed incomes enjoyed by formal sector workers.

Many of their rights have been denied, but the law fails to side with them. Because of the classification of P-Hailing workers as free contractors, their status becomes ambiguous and they are excluded from various rights that would be clearly guaranteed if they were formal workers.

The government’s responsibility is to ensure that the nation’s resources are best allocated to generate benefits that can be channelled to all its citizens, not to gouge surplus from the suffering of its people for the profit of big companies. The legal framework must be updated to ensure that these workers enjoy the same rights as any other workers in Malaysia. 

As such, PSM has undertaken the National Action Plan “Permintaan Rakyat Mudah Je”, which was launched on the 9th of September 2021, recommending that all aforesaid P-Hailing workers must be given SOCSO and EPF coverage. 

The government has to table laws to ensure that these gig economy companies are mandated to make SOCSO and EPF contributions on behalf of their workers. PSM urges that these E-Hailing workers be given a basic minimum wage in addition to their commission payments. Companies must be held responsible for adhering to the terms and conditions of existing labour laws. 

The Ministry of Human Resources must also rationalise and amend the existing labour laws to keep up with the latest changes and trends in the realm of work, that is the shift from formal work under fixed employers towards workers providing free service under the Gig Economy. Employers and the providers of these service platforms cannot be exempt from preparing the necessary accommodations and fulfilling their responsibilities towards the workers providing these services. They are still workers that must be protected by the labour laws of the nation. 

Labour laws must be amended to give adequate protection to these gig economy workers. Wrongful dismissals should not be allowed and they must be given the right to form unions and picket to voice any injustices which may be happening. 

These workers must also be given the right to collective bargaining. This ensures that the mass give-and-take mechanism can function, which enables workers to enjoy equal rights without discrimination, either legal or on account of their work relations, to conduct effective collective negotiations with employers. 

A Sivarajan
Secretary General, Socialist Party of Malaysia

Oppression on Government Premises? The Impacts of Outsourcing on Government Workers.

Oppression on Government Premises? The Impacts of Outsourcing on Government Workers.

Such is the irony of the situation for those employed on school premises, hospital buildings and other government offices. The government has failed to protect the employees working under their very roofs.

Who are these workers? They are the cleaners in government buildings as well as the security guards in public schools, government hospitals, ministries, government departments and agencies. There are an estimated 230,000 such workers.

Prior to the mid-1990s, all cleaners, gardeners and security guards on government premises were civil servants who were guaranteed job security. However, when the 4th Prime Minister — Tun Dr. Mahathir — introduced the privatization policy in 1996, the existing system switched to a contract system that effectively dismantled their secure employment. 

This contract system was initially established to create a group of Malay contractors, and was intended to help encourage the participation of Malay entrepreneurs in the business sector. Hence, all staff who were initially employed directly by the government had then transitioned to being employed by contractor companies, where they continued their work as usual on the same premises. 

Contractor companies were awarded contracts by the government’s procurement unit for a fixed period — usually around three years. Once this period was over, the contractor would resubmit their tender bid. If it was a different company that eventually succeeded in securing the tender, the existing workers would end up being absorbed as employees of the new contractor. 

This means that, even an employee who has worked as a school building cleaner for a period of 20 years, would be treated as a new employee every 3 years, with their salary and other benefits remaining at the level of a new staff. It also means that they will only be paid minimum wage, despite having years of experience. No increases in salary, because they will be considered a new employee to every contractor! Their entitlement to annual leave and sick leave will also remain the same. 

Apart from this, security guards also face issues with delays in the payments of wages, unexplained deduction from wages, irregularities in calculating overtime pay, insufficient EPF, SOCSO, Employment Insurance System (EIS) contributions and so on.

Contract workers employed as cleaners in government hospitals also suffer bad working conditions, despite being in the front line of Covid-19 frontliners. At a time when the world is fighting against Covid-19, our government still refuses to acknowledge these contractors as frontliners.

Doctors and nurses at hospitals are recognised as frontliners and have been granted an allowance of RM600 under the pandemic stimulus package in 2020. Budget 2021 also included allocations for a special allowance for this group. However, contract workers on the premises of government hospitals, like cleaners and security guards, have not been granted this same recognition. The government is discriminating against this group of workers. Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Special Functions) Mohd Redzuan Md Yusof had once also said in Parliament that hospitals cleaners would not be given the payment or ‘one-off’ assistance of RM300 (https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/553331). 

Do they not realise that, both before and after doctors or nurses treat a patient, it is the contract workers who have to clean the area? How is it that they are not acknowledged as frontliners even though they face the same risks as doctors and nurses? 

This is the kind of oppression workers face as a result of the contract system. In order for just a handful of Malays to be made into entrepreneurs, the majority of Malay workers are oppressed and deprived of their rights.

The contract system currently practised clearly contradicts the Employees Act 1955. Section 11 of the Employees Act states that a job can only be offered as a ‘fixed term contract’, if it is seasonal work, specific and not always required. This refers to construction work or maintenance work, that will be over once the construction or maintenance is completed.

However, cleaning work on government premises as well as security work in buildings will be required for as long as that building is still functioning. So why is it then, that these workers are hired permanently as contact workers and then let-go-of when they are no longer needed? 

This contract system only exists to protect political cronies in order to maintain the political and financial stability of the ruling government. It allows a middleman, i.e. a contractor company, who has no actual links to the work and the workplace, to control and lead the workers. These middlemen or contractors violate employment laws and often prey on employees by failing to contribute to Socso, EPF and so on. 

Although many complaints have been lodged against these oppressive contractors, they seem to be unaffected and are still able to successfully secure government contracts. Even when blacklisted, they are easily able to use other contractor companies, under the names of their family members, to continue doing business and bidding for government tenders. 

The contract system that was first introduced was supposed to help reduce government expenditure by outsourcing such services, as this would mean that the government would not have to pay workers or undertake efforts to protect their welfare. 

Nevertheless, in the last 25 years, the reality is that this system has burdened the government with even more costs, as the Department of Manpower (JTK) and the Department of Industrial Relations (JPP) has had to handle lots of complaints regarding the poor treatment of workers by private contractors.

Therefore, this system of employing workers on a contract basis due to the outsourcing of services on government premises must be stopped. PSM urges the government to continue absorbing these workers as permanent government employees with the same benefits other civil servants are entitled to. This indirect suppression of workers’ rights by the government is ironic and shameful. For the sake of workers’ rights, it must be stopped immediately.

This article is part of an ongoing series in PSM’s alternative action plan, Pelan Pemulihan Nasional. The basic document can be found here. (https://partisosialis.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/Dokumen-Asas-Pemulihan-Nasional.pdf)

A. Sivarajan

Secretary General, Parti Sosialis Malaysia

Strengthening Social Protections

Strengthening Social Protections

Strengthening Social Protections

Guaranteed Basic Income Scheme: RM1000 monthly for families who have lost their sources of income due to the Covid-19 MCO.

Since March of 2020, PSM has urged the government to introduce a Guaranteed Basic Income scheme for those who have lost their source of income due to the Covid-19 pandemic. 

PSM’s action plan document titled “Kemelesetan Ekonomi Pasca Covid 19 : Cadangan Memulihkan Negara Demi Rakyat” (Economic Hardship Due to Covid-19: Suggestions for Restoring the Country for the Sake of the Citizens) suggests that every family that has lost their source of income should be paid as much as RM1000 to ensure they aren’t at risk of falling into poverty. This document was submitted to the Prime Minister in July of 2020. 

Unfortunately, however, the government has stuck with a “one-off” model of aid. The Bantuan Khas Covid (BKC) (Covid Special Assistance) Scheme that was introduced is a “one-off” payment whereby individuals living in extreme poverty will be paid RM1300 per household, RM500 per elder citizen, and RM500 for single individuals on an instalment basis. B40 citizens on the other hand will receive a payment of RM800 per household, or RM200 for elderly citizens and single individuals. BKC Aid will also be extended to M40 individuals. Those who have a combined household income of above RM5000 are counted as part of the M40. As much as RM3.1 billion has been allocated for these payments. 

PSM suggests that compared to such “one-off” payments that are broadly distributed from people living in extreme poverty to M40 individuals, it would be more beneficial if the government focused their aid on households that have truly lost their source of income as a result of Covid-19. Aid granted through a Guaranteed Basic Income scheme—that’s modelled after the concept of Universal Basic Income—can help such households handle basic household costs like food. 

In one field research conducted by the Department of Statistics in Malaysia in March 2020, they determined that it is self-employed individuals who have most clearly been affected by a loss of work. As many as 46.6% of self-employed respondents said that they have lost their incomes, as compared to 23.8% of employees, 1.8% of private-sector workers, 0.4% of those working for MNCs, and 0.4% of those working for GLCs. 

This same study reported that as many as 71.4% of respondents who were self-employed only had less than a month’s income worth of savings, compared to 49.2% of employees, 58% of private-sector workers, 31.2% of MNC employees, and 28.9% of GLC workers. As such, immediate monthly aid at this critical time when they’ve lost work is incredibly important.

PSM suggests that this aid  be given to those who have lost work and have no other sources of aid. As such, those who receive other sources of aid will be excluded, such as those who: 

  1. Are receiving SOCSO payments and who can benefit from the Employment Insurance Scheme or other such programs;
  2. Receive fixed pensions (whether from government retirees or other sources) which are greater than RM1000 per month;
  3. Are government staff;
  4. Still have alternative sources of work (after losing their primary jobs);
  5. Still have a source of income that is taxable;
  6. Still work in the public, private/business sector, or other related fields;

This suggestion is specifically for anyone who has lost their source of income; like formal sector workers, small-scale self-employed individuals, and micro-entrepreneurs that have lost their source of work at this time.

Right now, the aid provided by the government like the Wage Subsidy or Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) aid only helps formal sector workers.

Meanwhile, there are around 3 million informal workers and 2 million self-employed individuals who have absolutely no support system when they’ve lost their primary source of income due to the business shutdown in the time of the pandemic.

The estimated necessary cost if this scheme was extended to 700,000 families (10%) at a rate of as much as RM1000, means that we would need RM8.4 billion a year.

The concept for this Guaranteed Basic Income aid scheme comes from the concept of Universal Basic Income (UBI). This isn’t for the purposes of making citizens lazy with a monthly cash payment of RM1000 into their personal accounts. Rather, it’s a social safety net that ensures that households who have suddenly lost their sources of income don’t have to go hungry. A more detailed explanation about the concept of UBI can be found in the following article:

https://thinkleft.net/2020/05/18/implement-a-modified-ubi-urgently/ (ThinkLeft)

Under the current poverty line of RM2208 per month of household income, roughly 8.3% of households are classified as being in absolute poverty. The threat of Covid and the economic recession directly affects these most vulnerable citizens in the most devastating way. As such, imagine what happens when they’ve lost their primary source of income. Immediate aid of RM10000 towards these households, at the very least, can enable these families to prepare food and other basic necessities until the primary breadwinners for these households can find new work or sources of income.

As such, in the action plan document “Pemulihan Nasional Haluan Baru Untuk Malaysia – Permintaan Rakyat Mudah Je”, PSM has included a resolution that our citizens need the aid of this Guaranteed Basic Income scheme immediately, and not the “one-off” style aid that has clearly failed to heal the socio-economic conditions of affected households effectively.

A. Sivarajan, Secretary General of the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM)

Penindasan di Premis Kerajaan? Impak Penyumberluaran Khidmat Kepada Pekerja Premis Kerajaan

Penindasan di Premis Kerajaan? Impak Penyumberluaran Khidmat Kepada Pekerja Premis Kerajaan

Begitulah ironinya keadaan para pekerja yang bekerja di premis sekolah-sekolah, bangunan Hospital dan Jabatan–jabatan Kerajaan yang lain. Mereka yang kerja setiap hari dibawah bumbung bangunan Kerajaan malangnya gagal dilindungi oleh Kerajaan kita sendiri. 

Siapakah mereka ini? Mereka adalah para pekerja pembersih bangunan Kerajaan dan juga pengawal keselamatan di sekolah-sekolah, Hospital Kerajaan, Kementerian , Jabatan dan agensi Kerajaan yang lain . Dianggarkan seramai 230 ribu pekerja memberikan khidmat tersebut kepada premis Kerajaan . 

Sebelum pertengahan 1990an, semua pekerja pembersihan, pekebun dan Pengawal keselamatan di premis bangunan Kerajaan adalah penjawat awam Kerajaan yang mempunyai jaminan kerja. Namun sejak dasar penswastaan yang diperkenalkan oleh Perdana Menteri ke 4 – Tun Dr. Mahahtir pada tahun 1996, sistem ini telah ditukar kepada sistem kontrak yang telah menghancurkan jaminan kerja. 

Sistem kontrak ini dimulakan bertujuan untuk mewujudkan golongan kontraktor Melayu, dengan hasrat meningkatkan penyertaan usahawan Melayu dalam bidang perniagaan dan sebagainya. Maka kesemua pekerja yang dulunya bekerja terus sebagai staf Kerajan diminta untuk masuk bekerja dibawah syarikat-syarikat kontraktor ini dan meneruskan tugas mereka seperti biasa di premis yang sama. 

Kontraktor –kontraktor ini pula diberikan kontrak oleh unit perolehan jabatan kerjaan untuk suatu tempoh tetap, biasanya 3 tahun. Selepas tamatnya 3 tahun, kontraktor tersebut akan bida semula tender tersebut. Jika syarikat lain yang berjaya memperolehi tender tersebut, maka para pekerja yang sama akan terus diserap masuk sebagai pekerja baru kontraktor baru ini . 

Maka, walaupun pekerja tersebut telah bekerja sebagai pembersih bangunan sekolah sebagai contohnya untuk tempoh 20 tahun, tetapi beliau akan dilayan sebagai pekerja baru setiap 3 tahun , dan gaji dan kemudahan lainnya kekal pada tahap pekerja baru. Maksudnya beliau hanya dibayar gaji minima walaupun telah bekerja lama. Tiada peningkatan gaji, kerana bagi setiap kontraktor beliau adalah pekerja baru! Kelayakan cuti tahunan dan cuti sakit juga kekal sama sebagai pekerja baru. 

Selain dari itu, para pengawal keselamatan pula mengalami masalah lambat dibayar gaji, gaji dipotong tanpa sebab, penyelewengan dalam pengiraan gaji lebih masa, caruman KWSP, PERKESO dan Sistem Insuran Pekerjaan (SIP) yang tidak cukup dan sebaginya. 

Jika dilihat keadaan pekerja kontrak yang bekerja sebagai pembersih bangunan Hospital Kerajaan, mereka dilayan begitu teruk walaupun mereka ini adalah barisan hadapan ‘frontliner melawan Covid 19. Pada masa dunia berjuang melawan pandemik Covid-19, Kerajaan pula enggan memberikan pengiktirafan kepada pekerja kontraktor ini sebagai ‘frontliner’. 

Para doktor-doktor dan para jururawat di Hospital diiktiraf sebagai frontliners dan diberikan elaun khas RM600 dalam pakej stimulus pendamik pada tahun 2020. Bajet 2021 juga ada peruntukan untuk elaun khas kepada mereka. Tetapi pekerja-pekerja kontrak pembersihan dan pengawal keselamatan di premis Hospital Kerajaan yang sama tidak diiktiraf oleh Kerajaan. Kerajaan mengamalkan diskriminasi terhadap golongan ini. Seorang Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Tugas-Tugas Khas) Mohd Redzuan Md Yusof pernah berkata dalam Parlimen bahawa pembersih hospital tidak akan diberikan bayaran atau “one-off” sebanyak RM300 (https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/553331).

Tidakkah mereka sedar bahawa, sebelum dan selepas Doktor atau Jururawat merawat pesakit, pekerja pembersihanlah yang kena membersihkan tempat tersebut dan bagaimana pula mereka ini tidak layak diiktiraf sebagai frontliner padahal risiko yang dihadapi oleh mereka sama dengan Doktor dan Jururawat. 

Inilah penindasan yang pekerja mengalami akibat sistem kontrak ini. Demi menjadikan segelintir kaum Melayu sebagai ushawan Melayu majoriti pekerja Melayu ditindas dan dirampas hak mereka. 

Jelas sistem kontrak yang dipraktikkan ini bertentangan dengan Akta Pekerja 1955 sendiri. Seksyen 11 Akta Pekerja menyatakan bahawa, suatu kerja hanya boleh ditawarkan sebagai kerja tempoh tetap , ‘fixed term contract’ jika ianya kerja bermusim, spesifik dan tidak diperlukan selalu. Maksudnya kerja –kerja pembinaan atau penyelenggaraan yang akan selesai bila binaan atau penyelenggaraan itu siap. 

Tetapi kerja pembersihan bangunan premis Kerajaan dan juga kerja memgawal keselamatan bangunan ini senantiasa diperlukan selagi bangunan ini masih berfungsi. Maka kenapa pula pekerja –pekerja ini diambil kerja sebagai pekerja kontrak khidmat tetap dan dicampakkan keluar bila tidak diperlukan lagi?

Sistem kontrak ini hanya untuk menjaga kroni-kroni politik demi mengekalkan sokongan politik dan kewangan Kerajaan yang memerintah. Sistem ini membenarkan orang tengah iaitu syarikat kontraktor, yang tiada kaitan dengan kerja dan tempat kerja untuk mengawal dan mentadbir pekerja. Orang tengah ataupun kontraktor-kontraktor ini melanggar undang-undang pekerjaan dan sering memangsakan pekerja seperti gagal membayar caruman Perkeso, KWSP dan sebagainya. 

Walaupun banyak aduan dibuat terhadap kontraktor-kontraktor yang menindas ini , tetapi mereka seolah-olah kebal dan terus berjaya memperolehi kontrak dari Kerajaan. Jika disenarai hitam pun, mereka dengan mudah menggunakan syarikat kontraktor lain atas nama ahli keluarga mereka untuk meneruskan perniagaan dan membida untuk tender Kerajaan. 

Sistem kontrak yang diperkenalkan dulu, sepatutnya mengurangkan kos kepada Kerajaan apabila khidmat sedemikain disumberluarkan. Maka Kerajaan tidak payah membayar pekerja dan menjaga kebajikan mereka. 

Tetapi dalam 25 tahun ini, secara realitinya ianya menimbulkan lebih banyak kos kepada Kerajaan apabila banyak aduan pekerja terpaksa dikendalikan oleh Jabatan Tenaga Kerja (JTK) ataupun Jabatan Perhubungan Perusahaan (JPP) kerana layanan kontraktor-kontraktor swasta ini terhadap pekerja mereka. 

Justeru itu , sistem pengambilan pekerja sebagai kontrak akibat penyumberluaran khidmat asas premis Kerajaan ini harus dihentikan. PSM mendesak agar Kerajaan terus menyerap pekerja-pekerja ini sebagai pekerja tetap Kerajaan dengan segala kemudahan seperti penjawat awam yang lain. Penindasan hak pekerja secara tidak langsung oleh Kerajaan sendiri adalah amatlah ironik dan memalukan. Demi hak pekerja ianya haruslah dihentikan segera.

12th Malaysia Plan – Where is the ‘game changer’?

PARTI SOSIALIS MALAYSIA – STATEMENT – 29TH SEPT 2021

The 12th Malaysia Plan (12MP) announced by the ‘interim’ Prime Minister Ismail Sabri last 27th September, 2021 is being heavily debated by both Parliamentarians and civil society organizations throughout this week. Reading through the executive summary and the some sections of the 500 over pages of the 12MP, you will be swamped by many words such as “Game Changers” and “Resetting the Economy”.

But I am still looking for the “game changing” policy that would make a revolutionary impact to the Malaysian economy in the document. While the aspirations of resetting the economy is welcomed, but the document fails to spell out in detail how the 12MP is different in comparison to the 11th Malaysia Plan and the plans before it. I would have expected that the lessons of  Covid 19 would have ‘shook up’ the policy makers to take a closer look at reality and translate them into truly progressive programs that could have taken Malaysia into a different developmental path. But the 12MP falls short of providing real solutions.

PSM asserted in our alternative New Deal for Malaysia action plan called “Haluan Baru Untuk Malaysia Permintaan Rakyat Mudah Je” that was launched last 9th September, 2021 the key lessons that we learnt during the pandemic. Amongst those are;

  1. The Pandemic and its induced economic crisis, hits the B40 the hardest. Despite the undistinguishable attack of the virus amongst the rich and poor, but a household’s income and job security often determines if they can remain resilient throughout the pandemic. 
  1. Jobs that were taught to be a secure could just vanish overnight and many were left to fend for themselves, struggling desperately to put food on the table. Without a comprehensive social security system, many fell through the cracks.
  1. We were always told to believe that the private sector is the key driver for economic progress that provides jobs for the rakyat. But when economic downturn strikes, private sector faltered and downsized their workforce and froze new job openings. Many projects were put on hold, an employment soared to 4.8% as at June, 2021(DOSM). The impact is larger as many have been forced from formal employment into underemployment and informal work. 
  1. Although policy makers always pushed for more privatization of healthcare, health tourism and incentives for private medical care, but it has been blatantly proven that was the public healthcare system that provided care to the rakyat under the pandemic. Private healthcare was reluctant and moved extremely slow to relieve the load off government hospitals to take in Covid patients.
  1. Sectors of our working people often forgotten and marginalized by many were actually the ones holding up the nation in times of crises. Those that provided essential services such as farmers, cleaners, garbage collectors, lorry drivers, delivery riders played a critical role to keep the supply and services going.  We realized that it was not the fund managers, the speculators, the stock marketers and the bourgeois elite that stood out in these trying times.

These hard lessons need to be understood and, acted upon, so that we don’t make the same mistakes again. These experiences have taught us that we cannot return to business as usual and need to seriously to revamp our economic and development model in order to make ourselves more resilient to future crises. Unfortunately these valuable lessons seem to have fallen on deaf ears in Putrajaya, as they ‘missed the boat’ to truly reset our trajectory post pandemic. Why do I say so?

  1. The 12MP is said to anchor on three themes, namely – resetting the economy, strengthening security, well-being and inclusivity and advancing sustainability.  Its puzzles as to why 12MP places emphasize on security enhancement and lumps up the proposals together with issues that matter the most for the rakyat at the moment which is healthcare, housing and poverty eradication. Shouldn’t these rakyat centric issues be addressed in a stand-alone theme? 
  1. The supposedly high impact sectors that are supposed to rejuvenate the economy are listed as Electronics & Electrical (E&E), Aerospace, Global Services, Creative Industries, Tourism, Halal Industry, smart farming and biomass. Besides E&E, of which Malaysia is a key player, do we really have the capacity and comparative advantage to excel in those fields?

Even though we excelled in electronics, as a result of MNC’s investing in Malaysia since the 1970’s, but are we expecting similar global players in aerospace, smart farming etc., to invest in Malaysia and transfer knowledge to us? After 64 years of independence, why do we place so much reliance on FDI to push our economy ahead? Furthermore with trade agreements like the CPTPP, it makes it harder to compel MNC’s to transfer technology to locals. (MITI is in process of ratifying the CPTPPA)

After the global pandemic, MNC’s and global corporations are reviewing their investment portfolios in view of the global economic downturn. In the race to the bottom to attract FDI, we will be forced to make concession by keeping our corporate taxes low and maintain cheap wage policies. 

PSM proposed in our New Deal for Malaysia action plan that the government must look inwards to spur the economy by initiating projects that will benefit the rakyat directly. There is a great need to embark on projects like building more public housing. PSM proposed that each Parliament constituency need to be allocated such projects based on their constituent’s demography and demand. The government should also embark on green projects such as reforestation, cleaning of rivers and conservation activities to revive our local heritage. These might not be sophisticated initiatives but they are key to bring immediate benefits to the rakyat and our climate.    We need to increase our medical research capacity in medicine and pharmacology. Such policies will not only spur the economy but will also provide jobs that are very much needed now in the situation where private sector slowed down on employment opportunities. 

The society in need of government assistance requires large number of social welfare workers to provide direct assistance to them. Can we not employ our youth to service each constituency? Reaching out to them, so that the old and disabled are not forced to make their way to government counters to have their benefits processed.

  1. Micro and Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) are envisioned to make a leap from being local to global market players. This is another supposedly “game change’ that is completely divorced from the realities on the ground. The pandemic has dreadfully caused the MSME to either closedown or retreat many-many step backwards since the outbreak. Does the government have data to reflect how many of these enterprises that have shutdown permanently? In a situation when they have taken a bad hit even locally how can one project themselves to be a global player anytime soon? Shouldn’t the government plan have a step by step plan to rebuild the MSME’s, holding their hands to uplift them instead of building castles in the sky!

The crisis has only served to concentrate capital in the hands of a few, as the large corporations survived and benefitted when smaller competitors closed down or were bought over. Without dissecting and understanding the true state of our businesses, the assistance and government induction programs under 12MP will not reach the target group. 

To make matters worse, the decision that freight forwarding companies will be required to have a 51% Bumiputra ownership completely disrupt the business environment. Such race based policies that continue to haunt us, makes a joke out of the “Keluarga Malaysia” rhetoric proclaimed by PM Ismail Sabri. Is this a reflection on more race based policies to come from Putrajaya? To forcefully eat into non Bumiputra equity to enrich Bumiputra elite?  

  1. As a part of the policy enablers that seek to develop future talent, 12MP aspires to increase our wage to GDP ratio from 37.2 % to 40%. But it explains that this can be achieved by only up skilling our workforce and increasing skilled manpower into high paying sectors. It fails to address the fact that irrespective of high skill jobs in high impact industries, wages are predominantly determined by labour supply and demand. That is why we witnessed reports of graduates being paid as low as RM1000 per month, when unemployment increased. Alternatively, government most significant intervention will be to strategically increase the minimum wage to truly reflect a living wage. 

PSM is proposing that the minimum wage be raised to RM 1,800 per month from the current RM1, 200 per month. Even that is lower that the recently reviewed poverty line of RM 2200. With the increase in minimum wage it will gradually push upwards all other wage categories accordingly as we have seen when the minimum wage was introduced in 2012.

  1. 12MP projects to increase our Per Capita National Gross Income from RM42, 503 (2020) to RM57, 882 by the year 2025. But time again, many have pointed out that it is not the issue of productivity and wealth creation but rather its distribution. Department of Statistics and KRI calculations show that B20 Households only share 5.9% of the national household income while the Top 10% (T10) possess 30.7% of it. Thus even if we achieve the targeted per capita NGI of RM57, 882 in the year 2025, but what good it does if the disparity between the rich and the poor remains the same. While the immediate reaction to the argument would be that we need to increase productivity but how do we justify the disparity of more than 20 times in remuneration between the lowest rung of workers and the enterprises CEO? The government must be bold enough to introduce maximum wages in enterprises. But it can only have the moral authority to convince the private sector if it does the same with its own Minister’s salaries and GLC s top administrator’s pay packages. 
  1. Amongst the policy initiatives suggested in 12MP, was to generate income to fund poverty eradication. It suggests introducing tax models like zakat or wakaf. PSM has advocated for a wealth tax and inheritance tax for a long time. Unfortunately, Putrajaya is unwilling to impose such taxes that will truly be ‘game changers’. Many renowned economists concurred with the idea that the wealthy should contribute more to revive the country out of the Covid19 induced economic crisis.  Prof. Jeffrey Sachs, head of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network said that “We will need to tax high-net worth, especially after the current disaster,”

Wealth tax is a tax levied on the value of held assets where tax will be applicable to a variety of asset types including cash, bank deposits, shares, fixed assets, personal cars, assessed value of real property, pension plans, money funds, owner-occupied housing, and trusts. We propose this tax only on those that have a declared wealth of RM1 billion and above. It would be a progressive tax starting from 2% up top 10%. 

It is calculated proportionately according to the tax bracket that they fall. For example a billionaire with an estimated net wealth worth of RM 4.34 billion, will pay only 2% for the first 2 billion and 4 % for the balance 2.34billion.

Thus if the government taxes the 50 wealthiest Malaysians progressively it will generate approximately RM 20 billion per year from the billionaires. Rest assured that, that no billionaire will be pushed to poverty if the tax system is introduced. With the global economic downturn due to the pandemic, the wealthy have limited avenues to invest in productive capital. Thus it payback time, as they and their business empires have enjoyed various governments business friendly incentives and tax holidays all these years.   

  1. The way that 12MP addresses affordable housing problem is rather disappointing. While in the last few years, many researchers and civil society organizations have highlighted the severity of the problem and how to solve it, but 12MP offers no new ‘game changers’ here again. 

To start with, the report agrees that the house affordable index has remained unaffordable with the median multiple affordability indexes has only decreased from 5.0 to 4.1 in 2019, which is still highly unaffordable to many Malaysians. But 12MP offers no new solutions and reiterates its previous plans to facilitate financing and reduce building cost. PSM has many times pointed out that the elephant in the room is the house price and speculative activities in the housing market. Price of homes for the poor can only be addressed if the government delinks public housing from market forces. The responsibility to provide houses for the poor relies on the government and not on any public-private partnerships. Public-private policy shifts made since the 1980’s had only exasperated the problem leading private house developers to dictate terms and prices of houses. While the affordability bracket for most B40 and M40 Malaysian is below RM 200, 000, but developers continue to price their property well above RM300, 000. Thus forcing the government to intervene and provide into the middle market for houses priced at RM200, 000. This has led the government to neglect its core responsibility of build low cost houses for the B40 and B20.

PSM propose that the government sets up a non-profit trust fund to build houses for the poor. It must be located near public transport hubs, so that working people can get to the cities without incurring much cost on transport. It just shocks me to see the 12MP actually proposing in page 4-24 that “Di samping itu, tanah milik syarikat utility awam yang sesuai akan dikenalpasti untuk membina rumah mampu milik, terutama dikawasan Bandar dan pinggir Bandar. Setakat ini, tiga loji rawatan kumbahan telah dikenalpasti untuk pembangunan tersebut”

Is this Ismail Sabri’s plan to marginalize the poor by ghettoizing them into houses near sewerage tanks! This is despicable! 

  1. I would have expected that public healthcare to be given prominence in the 12MP, since we witnessed the flaws and insufficiencies during the pandemic. But like I said earlier, healthcare is lumped together with security that seeks greater enforcement against migrants. Besides the reiterating on the existing PeKa B40 scheme, again there is no ‘game changer’ here to overcome the shortcomings of medical staff and facilities during that we are facing now to fight the pandemic. Even on the issue of contract doctors which saw doctors up in arms, the 12MP is silent in offering concrete solutions. It just states that there will be a plan formulated to address manpower and facility requirement. 

It further talks about enhancing post graduate curriculum to increase the number of specialist doctors. However no targets are put forward in 12MP to prevent the brain drain from public to private hospitals. Where else, PSM in our New Deal plan proposed the following measures on reinforcing our public healthcare system; 

  • Setting up of a specific Public Health Service Commission to ensure effective management of staff in government Hospitals that will closely look into their grouses and benefits.
  • Introduce a 3 month sabbatical study leave for doctors every 4 years in service so that they can specialize and upgrade their skills. 
  • A moratorium on new private hospitals, to stop the brain drain of specialist from government Hospitals to Private Hospitals. 
  • Increase 6 billion to the health budget every year for 5 years from now. The health budget in 2021 stands at 32 billion. This significant increase in allocation shows that we are serious to overcome the insufficiencies experienced fighting the pandemic and to build our capacity in preparation for another catastrophe in the future. 
  • Need to increase more Hospitals in the capital city of each state to accommodate the increase in population due to urbanization. 
  • Incorporate the 7000 over general practitioners to treat patients with chronic illness. GP’s can play a vital  role as they are usually closely located to the patients and can offer close regular care to avoid patients dropping into a critical stage. Government can pay these GP’s capitation fee to look after a certain number of patients in their vicinity. These measures would greatly reduce the burden on government Hospitals. 
  • 90% of all surgical appliances such as screws and plates should be sponsored by the government. Over the years, this list of items that are subsidized for the rakyat has shrinked. Healthcare should be available to everyone and not determined by how deep ones pocket is. 
  • Levy collected from migrant workers should be used to pay for their medical cost. Now, many migrants fail to get appropriate care when their employers abscond thus leaving hospitals to burden the cost. 

This proposal of PSM New Deal can be read further here: https://partisosialis.org/a-new-deal-for-malaysia-socialists-launch-progressive-recovery-plan/

The analysis on the other areas elaborated in the 12MP will be taken up in following articles. In conclusion, the question remains that where is the ‘game changer’ that will supposedly change the development path of Malaysia post Covid19. The pandemic offered an opportunity for policy makers to build Malaysia from ground zero, correcting past development and policy mis-steps, but unfortunately 12MP looks more of a continuation of past developmental trajectory. 

Race and neoliberal based policies still predominate the plan. Malaysia’s recovery and progress requires a serious paradigm shift decoupling itself from race and neoliberal policies that have clearly failed to save guard the rakyat interest in times of crisis.

Thus the 12 MP, looking at the sections talked about above has failed to offer a real progressive way forward for rakyat whom are still struggling to crawl out of the adverse effects of the pandemic. 

Sivarajan A. 

Secretary General PSM 

29/9/2021

Tanah runtuh & kehilangan nyawa di Cameron Highlands, dimanakah had ketamakan manusia?

Tanah runtuh & kehilangan nyawa di Cameron Highlands, dimanakah had ketamakan manusia?

KENYATAAN AKHBAR – PARTI SOSIALIS MALAYSIA – 20/9/2021

Baru-baru rakyat Cameron Highlands digemparkan dengan pelbagai kejadian tanah runtuh. Salah satu kejadian yang berlaku pada 16hb. September, 2021 di Sg Palas Brinchang menyebabkan seorang wanita meninggal dunia apabila tanah runtuh diatas rumahnya. Satu lagi kejadian tanah runtuh juga berlaku di jalanraya Simpang Pulai ke Cameron Highlands di Seksyen 43.9 sepertimana yang dimaklumkan oleh pihak Jabatan Kerja Raya. 

Kejadian sedemikian tidaklah baru dan kawasan tanah tinggi ini telah lama menjadi mangsa pembangunan yang melampau sejak beberapa dekad yang lalu. Memandangkan Cameron Highlands sememangnya menerima taburan hujan yang tinggi, maka apajua pembangunan yang melibatkan pembersihan hutan, pemotongan pokok, akan mengeruhkan lagi keadaan dan meningkatkan kejadian tanah runtuh. 

Tanah runtuh pertama yang direkodkan di Cameron Highlands adalah pada tahun 1961 dimana ianya mengaut nyawa seramai 16 orang di kawasan Ringlet. Tetapi nampaknya kita gagal belajar dari kejadian-kejadian sedemikian, dan masih bertindak untuk melakukan projek pembinaan berterusan di Cameron Highlands.

Pada masa bila pihak pakar dan Jabatan-jabatan Kerajaan sedang bertungkus lumus memperbaiki jalan dan melaksanakan langkah-langkah mitigasi untuk mengurangkan kejadian tanah runtuh,  pihak pemodal nampaknya hanya bertumpukan kepada mencari lokasi baru yang dapat mengaut keuntungan kepada mereka.  

Kami difahamkan suatu projek taman tema yang dikenali sebagai ESCAPE Cameron Highlands akan dibina dengan keluasan 60ha. Projek ini yang akan dimajukan oleh syarikat Sim Leisure Group dijangka akan membuka fasa pertamanya seluas 24.3 hektar pada tahun 2023. 

PSM Cameron Highlands membantah projek ini yang sudah pastinya melibatkan pembersihan kawasan hutan, pembalakan dan pembangunan cerun. Eksploitasi beterusan dikawasan tanah tinggi ini melalui pelbagai projek pembangunan, hanya menguntungkan pihak pemodal dan merugikan rakyat tempatan dalam pelbagai cara. Rakyat tempatan Cameron Highlands, kinipun merungut kerana kesesakan jalanraya akibat kehadiran pelancong yang melebihi kapasiti kemudahan infrastruktur yang sedia ada.

Pada masa bila para pemodal mengaut keuntungan, rakyatlah yang terpaksa berhadapan bahaya tanah runtuh dan kesesakan jalanraya yang menganggu kehidupan harian mereka. 

Kerajaan Negeri haruslah dengan segera menghentikan projek sedemikian dan membuat evaluasi serius mengenai had pembangunan yang dibenarkan dikawasan tanah tinggi ini. Apakah rasionalnya terus meluluskan pelbagai projek pembangunan sedemikian disuatu lokasi yang terhad keluasannya? Pembangunan tidak terkawal selama beberapa abad ini, menyebabkan semakin hari semakin luas kawasan tanah hutan yang sensitif geologi tanah dan ekosistem dibersihkan. Sudah tentu, impak jangka panjang yang terpendam akan membawa pelbagai kejadian tanah runtuh dan dan sebagainya.

PSM ingin tanya, adakah Kerajaan Negeri tetapkan suatu had pembangunan di Cameron Highlands? Sememangnya tidak masuk akal bagaimana projek pembinaan terus diluluskan dalam suatu kawasan yang kerap memaparkan impak akibat pembangunan seperti ini.

Kejadian tanah runtuh dan pencemaran dengan mudah diketepikan dengan janji palsu bahawa pembangunan baru yang diluluskan itu pasti mampan dan langkah mitigasi telah diambilkira.

Tetapi sejarah kejadian kerosakan alam sekitar sehingga kini jelas menunjukkan bahawa, bilangan projek yang kononnya ‘mampan’ lengkap dengan kelulusan EIA juga  menonjolkan kesan pencemaran dan kemungkinan kejadian tanah runtuh dalam jangka masa panjang. 

Justeru itu, kami menyarankan bahawa semua pembangunan baru di Cameron Highlands harus dibekukan dan dikaji semula keperluannya. Berbanding dengan manfaat ekonomi, kos kehilangan nyawa dan hartabenda tidak dapat diganti apabila musibah berlaku kerana ketamakan manusia. 

 

Sivarajan  A
Setiausaha Agung Parti Sosialis Malaysia
PSM Cameron Highlands. 
20/9/2021